Author(s): Fulco M, Schiltz RL, Iezzi S, King MT, Zhao P,
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Abstract Sir2 is a NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase that controls gene silencing, cell cycle, DNA damage repair, and life span. Prompted by the observation that the [NAD(+)]/[NADH] ratio is subjected to dynamic fluctuations in skeletal muscle, we have tested whether Sir2 regulates muscle gene expression and differentiation. Sir2 forms a complex with the acetyltransferase PCAF and MyoD and, when overexpressed, retards muscle differentiation. Conversely, cells with decreased Sir2 differentiate prematurely. To inhibit myogenesis, Sir2 requires its NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase activity. The [NAD(+)]/[NADH] ratio decreases as muscle cells differentiate, while an increased [NAD(+)]/[NADH] ratio inhibits muscle gene expression. Cells with reduced Sir2 levels are less sensitive to the inhibition imposed by an elevated [NAD(+)]/[NADH] ratio. These results indicate that Sir2 regulates muscle gene expression and differentiation by possibly functioning as a redox sensor. In response to exercise, food intake, and starvation, Sir2 may sense modifications of the redox state and promptly modulate gene expression.
This article was published in Mol Cell
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology