alexa Sirolimus reduces polycystic liver volume in ADPKD patients.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Qian Q, Du H, King BF, Kumar S, Dean PG,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The immunosuppressive agent sirolimus exerts an antiproliferative effect by inhibiting mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Because excessive proliferation of the biliary epithelium is a prominent feature of the polycystic liver that accompanies autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), we hypothesized that sirolimus may benefit patients with this disorder. We retrospectively measured the volumes of polycystic livers and kidneys in ADPKD patients who had received kidney transplants and had participated in a prospective randomized trial that compared a sirolimus-containing immunosuppression regimen to a tacrolimus-containing regimen. Sixteen subjects (seven with sirolimus, nine with tacrolimus) had received abdominal imaging studies within 11 mo before and at least 7 mo after transplantation, making them suitable for our analysis. Treatment with the sirolimus regimen for an average of 19.4 mo was associated with an 11.9 +/- 0.03\% reduction in polycystic liver volume, whereas treatment with tacrolimus for a comparable duration was associated with a 14.1 +/- 0.09\% increase. A trend toward a greater reduction in native kidney volume was also noted in the sirolimus group compared with the nonsirolimus group. Regarding mechanism, the epithelium that lines hepatic cysts exhibited markedly higher levels of phospho-AKT, phospho-ERK, phospho-mTOR, and the downstream effector phospho-S6rp compared with control biliary epithelium. In summary, treatment with sirolimus was associated with decreased polycystic liver volume, perhaps by preventing aberrant activation of mTOR in epithelial cells lining the cysts.
This article was published in J Am Soc Nephrol and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords