alexa Size effect of amphiphilic poly(γ-glutamic acid) nanoparticles on cellular uptake and maturation of dendritic cells in vivo.
Nephrology

Nephrology

Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

Author(s): Shima F, Uto T, Akagi T, Baba M, Akashi M

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Abstract We prepared size-regulated nanoparticles (NPs) composed of amphiphilic poly(γ-glutamic acid) (γ-PGA). In this study, 40, 100 and 200 nm γ-PGA-graft-l-phenylalanine ethylester (γ-PGA-Phe) NPs were employed. The size of NPs significantly influenced the uptake and activation behaviors of antigen-presenting cells (APCs). When 40 nm γ-PGA-Phe NPs were applied to these cells in vitro, they were highly activated compared with 100 and 200 nm NPs, while cellular uptake was size dependent. The size of the γ-PGA-Phe NPs also significantly affected their migration to the lymph nodes and uptake behavior of NPs by dendritic cells (DCs) in vivo. The 40 nm γ-PGA-Phe NPs migrated more rapidly to the lymph nodes and were taken up by a greater number of DCs compared with 100 and 200 nm NPs. On the other hand, when the amount of γ-PGA-Phe NPs taken up per DC was evaluated, it was higher for 100 and 200 nm NPs than for 40 nm NPs, which suggests that the larger γ-PGA-Phe NPs can deliver a large amount of antigen to a single DC compared with smaller NPs. Furthermore, when examined the maturation of DCs in lymph nodes, 40 nm γ-PGA-Phe NPs efficiently stimulated DCs. These results suggest that the activation, uptake behavior by APCs, migration to lymph nodes, and DC maturation can be controlled by the size of γ-PGA-Phe NPs. Copyright © 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Acta Biomater and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

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