Author(s): Desplanches D, Mayet MH, IlyinaKakueva EI, Sempore B, Flandrois R
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Abstract Seven male Wistar rats were subjected to 7 days of weightlessness on the Soviet biosatellite Cosmos 1667. Muscle histomorphometry and biochemical analyses were performed on the soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) of flight rats (group F) and compared with data from three groups of terrestrial controls: one subjected to conditions similar to group F in space except for the state of weightlessness (group S) and the others living free in a vivarium (V1, V2). Relative to group V2 (its age and weight-matched control group), group F showed a greater decrease of muscle mass in SOL (23\%) than in EDL (11\%). In SOL a decrease in the percentage of type I fibers was counterbalanced by a simultaneous increase in type IIa fibers. The cross-sectional area of type I fiber was reduced by 24\%. No statistically significant difference in capillarization and enzymatic activities was observed between the groups. In EDL a reduction in type I fiber distribution and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA-dehydrogenase activity (27\%) occurred after the flight. The small histochemical and biochemical changes reported suggest the interest in studying muscular adaptation during a flight of longer duration.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine