alexa Skeletal muscle overload upregulates the sarcoplasmic reticulum slow calcium pump gene.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

Author(s): Kandarian SC, Peters DG, Taylor JA, Williams JH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Functional data suggest that the kinetics of force production and relaxation are slowed in hypertrophied skeletal muscle because of chronic overload. The purpose of this study was to determine whether gene expression of the slow/cardiac isoform of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) pump is upregulated in overloaded fast-twitch plantaris muscles. Increased active muscle loading was induced in rat plantaris muscles bilaterally by surgical removal of gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Mass of the plantaris muscle was 80\% greater 5 wk after surgery than in age-matched unoperated control rats (P < 0.05). Expression of the slow pump mRNA was 135\% greater in hypertrophied muscles, as determined from autoradiograms of Northern blots with use of a cDNA probe specific for the slow/cardiac isoform. A monoclonal antibody (7E6) was used to quantify slow Ca2+ pump in SR vesicles with use of Western blot analysis. Densitometry of blots showed that the relative expression of the slow pump protein was 130\% greater in hypertrophied plantaris muscles. Expression of the fast SR Ca2+ pump protein isoform, assessed using monoclonal antibody A52, was 25\% less in hypertrophied than in control muscles. The Ca2+ uptake rate and ATPase activity of SR vesicles was approximately 15\% lower in hypertrophied plantaris muscles (P < 0.05). Differential phospholamban expression could not account for changes in SR Ca2+ handling, because it could not be detected in rat slow- or fast-twitch skeletal muscle.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Am J Physiol and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords