Author(s): Walker SL, Shah M, Hubbard VG, Pradhan HM, Ghimire M
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Skin problems are the commonest reason for people accessing healthcare services in Nepal but there is little information about the prevalence of skin disease. OBJECTIVES: To perform a point prevalence study of skin disease in the Terai region of Nepal. METHODS: Five villages were randomly selected in Bara District in the Terai region of Nepal, and 878 people were examined. RESULTS: The number of individuals identified as having a skin disease was 546. The point prevalence of identifiable skin abnormalities was 62.2\% (546 of 878) (with 95\% exact confidence intervals 58.9-65.4\%). A wide range of dermatoses was identified. The six most prevalent were dermatophyte infections (11.4\%), followed by pityriasis versicolor (8.9\%), acne (7.7\%), melasma (6.8\%), eczema (5.6\%) and pityriasis alba (5.2\%). Overall, treatable skin infections and infestations were by far the commonest skin diseases identified. CONCLUSIONS: Our study has demonstrated a very high point prevalence (62.2\%) of skin disease in rural Nepal. This study represents the first formal survey of skin disease in Nepal and demonstrates a large burden of disease, in particular treatable infections.
This article was published in Br J Dermatol
and referenced in Journal of Pigmentary Disorders
- Hana Zelenkova
Therapy with immune modulators (cyclosporine A) in dermatology (focusing on psoriasis, atopic eczema, allergic vasculitis, and chronic urticaria)
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