Author(s): Brown AS, Hoelzer DJ, Piercy SA
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Abstract From 16,380 administrations of I.V. fluid in children during a 6-month period, there were 1,800 extravasations (11\%) with 40 skin sloughs. All that resulted in either partial or full-thickness skin loss were treated by one of 3 conservative protocols, and no skin grafts were needed in this series. Most of the extravasations resulting in skin loss were associated with hypertonic fluids and the use of infusion pumps. Careful hourly monitoring of such cases seems highly desirable. We found no discernible differences in the healing among the 3 treatment regimens used. The importance of systematic monitoring of children receiving I.V. fluids by nursing personnel, the elevation of an extremity involved in an extravasation, and the care of any resulting wounds are discussed.
This article was published in Plast Reconstr Surg
and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics