alexa Skin of the dorsal aspect of human hands and fingers possesses an active vasodilator system.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering

Author(s): Johnson JM, Prgola PE, Liao FK, Kellogg DL Jr, Crandall CG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To test for an active vasodilator system in human hand and finger skin, seven subjects had a small area of dorsal hand, palm, or dorsal finger pretreated with bretylium (BT) to block adrenergic vasoconstriction. Skin blood flow was monitored at a BT-treated site, a comparable untreated site, and the forearm by laser-Doppler flowmetry. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was evaluated from the ratio of blood flow to arterial pressure. Body cooling, to evaluate vasoconstrictor system blockade, caused CVC at untreated sites of forearm, palm, dorsal hand, and dorsal finger to fall by 45 +/- 4, 85 +/- 5, 51 +/- 9, and 63 +/- 7\%, respectively (all P < 0.05). At BT-treated sites of palm, dorsal hand, and dorsal finger, reductions in CVC were only 13 +/- 3, 2 +/- 18, and 13 +/- 4\%, respectively (dorsal hand not significant, others P < 0.05). With body heating, increases in CVC at untreated sites of forearm, palm, dorsal hand, and dorsal finger were 881 +/- 165, 779 +/- 368, 423 +/- 115, and 1,430 +/- 716\%, respectively (all P < 0.05). At BT-treated sites of palm, dorsal hand, and dorsal finger, increases were 35 +/- 15, 342 +/- 107, and 343 +/- 34\%, respectively (palm not significant, others P < 0.05). Increased CVC at the palm began after 1.2 +/- 0.2 min of heating, significantly earlier than forearm (11.8 +/- 2.5 min), dorsal hand (16.4 +/- 3.4 min), or dorsal finger (15.6 +/- 3.6 min), which did not differ significantly from one another.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985) and referenced in Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords