Author(s): Polastron J, Mur M, Mazarguil H, Puget A, Meunier JC,
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Abstract A human neuroblastoma cell line, SK-N-BE, was shown to express a substantial amount of opioid receptors (200-300 fmol/mg of protein). A ligand binding profile of these receptors revealed that they could belong to two distinct subtypes of delta-opioid receptors. Results from sucrose-gradient sedimentation experiments were compared with similar data obtained with the mu-opioid receptor of the rabbit cerebellum and the delta-opioid receptor of the hybrid NG108-15 cell line and have shown that the opioid receptor of the SK-N-BE cell line behaved hydrodynamically as an intermediate between mu- and delta-opioid receptors. Taken together, pharmacological and hydrodynamic studies suggest that the opioid receptors present in the SK-N-BE cell membranes could belong to two delta-opioid receptor subtypes interacting allosterically. Functional experiments suggest that at least one of these subtypes of delta-opioid receptor is negatively coupled to the adenylate cyclase via a Gi protein and that the opiate receptors of the SK-N-BE neuroblastoma cell line undergo a rapid down-regulation when preincubated in the presence of the high-affinity opioid, etorphine.
This article was published in J Neurochem
and referenced in Neurochemistry & Neuropharmacology