alexa Slow transit constipation: a disorder of pelvic autonomic nerves?
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Knowles CH, Scott SM, Lunniss PJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Slow transit constipation (STC) is a severe motility disorder, which in the majority of cases is of unknown etiology. In some, symptoms arise de novo in childhood, but a proportion of patients present in later life, including after pelvic surgery or childbirth. Our aims were: (1) to describe our current knowledge of the anatomy and function of the pelvic autonomic nerves with respect to colonic motility (experimental and observational studies); (2) to discuss evidence for pelvic nerve injury in STC arising after pelvic surgery or childbirth; and (3), on the basis that such patients are clinically indistinguishable from patients with chronic idiopathic STC, to evaluate whether there is evidence that pelvic autonomic neuropathy has an etiologic role in patients with chronic idiopathic STC. The outcome was as follows: (1) The clear importance of the pelvic autonomic nerves in colonic motor function is documented. (2) While there is an association between pelvic surgery and childbirth, and the onset of STC, there is little direct anatomical evidence that pelvic denervation occurs in these patients. However the phenotype of these patients is similar to results of experimental and observational studies. (3) Clinical, physiological, and histological similarities exist between patients whose symptoms arose following pelvic intervention and those whose symptoms arise de novo (idiopathic). We further present evidence for possible pathogenetic mechanisms underlying pelvic autonomic neuropathy in chronic idiopathic STC.
This article was published in Dig Dis Sci and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords