Author(s): Undevia NS, Dorscheid DR, Marroquin BA, Gugliotta WL, Tse R,
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Abstract Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) belongs to a family of multifunctional cytokines that regulate a variety of biological processes, including cell differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. The effects of TGF-beta1 are cell context and cell cycle specific and may be signaled through several pathways. We examined the effect of TGF-beta1 on apoptosis of primary human central airway epithelial cells and cell lines. TGF-beta1 protected human airway epithelial cells from apoptosis induced by either activation of the Fas death receptor (CD95) or by corticosteroids. This protective effect was blocked by inhibition of the Smad pathway via overexpression of inhibitory Smad7. The protective effect is associated with an increase in the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 and was blocked by the overexpression of key gatekeeper cyclins for the G1/S interface, cyclins D1 and E. Blockade of the Smad pathway by overexpression of the inhibitory Smad7 permitted demonstration of a TGF-beta-mediated proapoptotic pathway. This proapoptotic effect was blocked by inhibition of the p38 MAPK kinase signaling with the inhibitor SB-203580 and was associated with an increase in p38 activity as measured by a kinase assay. Here we demonstrate dual signaling pathways involving TGF-beta1, an antiapoptotic pathway mediated by the Smad pathway involving p21, and an apoptosis-permissive pathway mediated in part by p38 MAPK.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science