alexa Small artery syndrome in women.


Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery

Author(s): Caes F, Cham B, Van den Brande P, Welch W

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Abstract During the past four years, 106 women underwent aortography and peripheral runoff studies for peripheral vascular disease. Eleven patients presented with "small vessels" and were selected for this study. They were significantly younger than the rest of the group (a mean age of 52 versus 66 years). A clear history of claudication was elicited in all patients. Rest pain was present in four patients. Most patients were small in stature but not obese. Weak or absent femoral and distal pulses and abdominal or femoral bruits were common. Angiography demonstrated a narrow infrarenal aorta, narrow iliac and common femoral arteries and a straight course of iliac arteries. Atherosclerotic lesions involved mainly the aortoiliac segment, but were confined to the superficial femoral artery in two patients. Reconstruction was achieved by endarterectomy or transluminal angioplasty in segmental aortoiliac disease and aortobifemoral or aortobi-iliac graft in diffuse disease. Femorpopliteal or iliopopliteal graft or lumbar sympathectomy was performed in patients with significant femoral disease. In one patient, an acutely occluded femoral segment was replaced by a venous interposition graft. Two patients were treated conservatively. There were no operative deaths. Nine patients were markedly improved at follow-up examination. Graft thrombosis occurred in one patient with combined aortobi-iliac and iliopopliteal graft. The high incidence of single bifurcating lumbar arteries at the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae supports the hypothesis that aortic hypoplasia may result from embryonic overfusion of the dorsal aortas. Lipid abnormalities existed in 54 per cent of the patients. All women were heavy smokers and 73 per cent had a positive family history of cardiovascular disease.
This article was published in Surg Gynecol Obstet and referenced in Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery

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