alexa Small-animal models for testing macroporous ceramic bone substitutes.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Author(s): Le Guehennec L, Goyenvalle E, Aguado E, HouchmandCuny M, Enkel B,

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Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the bone colonization of a macroporous biphasic calcium phosphate (MBCP) ceramic in different sites (femur, tibia, and calvaria) in two animal species (rats and rabbits). A critical size defect model was used in all cases with implantation for 21 days. Bone colonization in the empty and MBCP-filled defects was measured with the use of backscattered electron microscopy (BSEM). In the empty cavities, bone healing remained on the edges, and did not bridge the critical size defects. Bone growth was observed in all the implantation sites in rats (approximately 13.6-36.6\% of the total defect area, with ceramic ranging from 46.1 to 51.9\%). The bone colonization appeared statistically higher in the femur of rabbits (48.5\%) than in the tibia (12.6\%) and calvaria (22.9\%) sites. This slightly higher degree of bone healing was related to differences in the bone architecture of the implantation sites. Concerning the comparison between animal species, bone colonization appeared greater in rabbits than in rats for the femoral site (48.5\% vs. 29.6\%). For the other two sites (the tibia and calvaria), there was no statistically significant difference. The increased bone ingrowth observed in rabbit femurs might be due to the large bone surface area in contact with the MBCP ceramics. The femoral epiphysis of rabbits is therefore a favorable model for testing the bone-bonding capacity of materials, but a comparison with other implantation sites is subject to bias. This study shows that well-conducted and fully validated models with the use of small animals are essential in the development of new bone substitutes. Copyright 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This article was published in J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

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