alexa Smoking prevalence and its impacts on lung cancer mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa: an epidemiological study.


Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): Winkler V, Ott JJ, Cowan M, Becher H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Reliable mortality data are sparse for developing countries. Furthermore, risk factor prevalence information is hardly available and thus not taken into consideration when estimating mortality. METHODS: The authors used a validated, statistical model combined with representative smoking prevalence from WHO STEPS surveys to estimate lung cancer mortality for six Sub-Saharan African countries (Benin, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Sierra Leone, Swaziland). Results were compared to a reference database (GLOBOCAN). Using different smoking prevalence scenarios, future lung cancer deaths were estimated. RESULTS: The prevalence of current moderate smoking among males ranged from 8.7\% to 34.6\%. Prevalence was much lower among females. For all countries considered, our mortality estimates were higher than GLOBOCAN estimates that do not consider prevalence: Overall, we estimated 2405 lung cancer deaths for 2008 compared to 531 deaths estimated by GLOBOCAN. Up to 2030, lung cancer deaths are expected to increase in general and by over 100\% in Benin and Niger. Even under the assumption of decrease in smoking prevalence, lung cancer mortality will rise. CONCLUSION: On the bases of detailed smoking prevalence information, our findings implicate a higher lung cancer burden in low income countries. The epidemiologic transition in African low-income countries alludes to the need for targeted health prevention efforts. © 2013. This article was published in Prev Med and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Shoude Jin
    Mechanisms of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and airway smooth muscle remodeling: the potential roles of Abhd2
    PDF Version
  • Alsayed Alnahal
    Urinary netrin-1 predict early ischemic acute kidney injury after cardiopulmonary bypass
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ping Yang
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicating early-stage lung cancer (LC)
    PDF Version
  • Gunilla Lindqvist
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A study of the relationship between patients’ feeling of guilt due to their belief of the disease being self inflicted
    PDF Version
  • Roger Mark Engel
    The effect of including manual therapy in the management of mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – a randomized controlled trial
    PDF Version
  • Rupal Patel Mansukhani
    Correlation of Medication Therapy in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) Patients with 30-day Readmission Rates
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hadeel Faisal Gad
    In-vitro analysis of cytokines responses of visceral leishmaniasis and pulmonary tuberculosis patients to homologous and heterologous antigen stimulation
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Xin Wang
    IL17 Pathway Involves Moderating Pulmonary Hypertension, a common complication of COPD, in Statins Therapy in Smoking Rats
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version