Author(s): Banegas JR, DezGan L, BauelosMarco B, GonzlezEnrquez J, Villarlvarez F,
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study estimates smoking-attributable mortality in Spain in 2006. POPULATION AND METHOD: Source data included 1) smoking prevalence in Spain; 2) deaths occurred in Spain; and 3) relative risks of mortality by tobacco-caused diseases drawn from the Cancer Prevention Study II. All data corresponded to individuals aged 35 years and older. RESULTS: In 2006, 53,155 smoking-attributable deaths were estimated (14.7\% of all deaths occurred in individuals≥35 years; 25.1\% in men and 3.4\% in women). Almost 90\% (47,174) of these attributable deaths corresponded to men, and 11.3\% (5,981) to women. The most frequent attributable deaths were: cancer (24,058), specially lung cancer (16,482), cardiovascular disease (17,560), specially ischemic heart disease (6,263) and stroke (4,283), and respiratory disease (11,537), specially chronic obstructive lung disease (9,886). Since 2001, a decrease in smoking-attributable mortality was observed in men and an increase in women. CONCLUSIONS: About one out of 7 deaths occurring annually in individuals≥35 years in Spain is attributable to smoking (one in 4 in men and one in 29 in women). Despite a decreasing trend in the number of smoking-attributable deaths over time (except in women, where they increase), the toll of estimated attributable deaths is still very high. Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Espana.
This article was published in Med Clin (Barc)
and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine