alexa Smooth muscle progenitor cells in human blood.

Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

Author(s): Simper D, Stalboerger PG, Panetta CJ, Wang S, Caplice NM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Recent animal data suggest that vascular smooth muscle cells within the neointima of the vessel wall may originate from bone marrow, providing indirect evidence for circulating smooth muscle progenitor cells (SPCs). Evidence for circulating SPCs in human subjects does not exist, and the mechanism whereby such putative SPCs may home to sites of plaque formation is presently not understood but is likely to involve expression of specific surface adhesion molecules, such as integrins. In this study, we aimed to culture smooth muscle outgrowth cells (SOCs) from SPCs in human peripheral blood and characterize surface integrin expression on these cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human mononuclear cells isolated from buffy coat were seeded on collagen type 1 matrix and outgrowth cells selected in endothelial growth medium (EGM-2) or EGM-2 and platelet-derived growth factor BB. Selection in platelet-derived growth factor BB-enriched medium caused rapid outgrowth and expansion of SOC to >40 population doublings in a 4-month period. These SOCs were positive for smooth muscle cell-specific alpha actin (alphaSMA), myosin heavy chain, and calponin on immunofluorescence and Western blotting and were also positive for CD34, Flt1, and Flk1 receptor but negative for Tie-2 receptor expression, suggesting a potential bone marrow angioblastic origin. In contrast, endothelial outgrowth cells (EOCs) grown in EGM-2 alone and the initial MNC population were negative for these smooth muscle-specific markers. Integrin alpha5beta1 expression by FACS and Western blotting was significantly increased in SOCs compared with EOCs, and this was confirmed by 8-fold greater adhesion of SOC to fibronectin (P<0.001), an effect that could be decreased using an alpha5beta1 antibody. Finally, SOC showed a significantly greater in vitro proliferative potential compared with EOCs of similar passage (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates for the first time outgrowth of smooth muscle cells with a specific growth, adhesion, and integrin profile from putative SPC in human blood. These data have implications for our understanding of adult vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation, proliferation, and homing.
This article was published in Circulation and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version