alexa Snake venom metalloproteinases: structure function relationships studies using monoclonal antibodies
Immunology

Immunology

Immunome Research

Author(s): Tanjoni I, Butera D, Bento L, DellaCasa MS, MarquesPorto R

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Snake Venom Metalloproteinases (SVMPs) are synthesized as zymogens and undergo proteolytic processing resulting in a variety of multifunctional proteins. Jararhagin is a P-III SVMP, isolated from the venom of Bothrops jararaca, comprising metalloproteinase, disintegrin-like and cysteine-rich domains. The catalytic domain is responsible for the hemorrhagic activity. The disintegrin-like/cysteine-rich domains block alpha2beta1 integrin binding to collagen and apparently enhance the hemorrhagic activity of SVMPs. The relevance of disintegrin-like domain is described in this paper using a series of mouse anti-jararhagin monoclonal antibodies (MAJar 1-7). MAJar 3 was the only antibody able to completely neutralize jararhagin hemorrhagic activity. Neutralization of catalytic activity was partial by incubation with MAJar 1. MAJars 1 and 3 efficiently neutralized jararhagin binding to collagen with IC50 of 330 and 8.4 nM, respectively. MAJars 1 and 3 recognized the C-terminal portion of the disintegrin domain, which is apparently in conformational proximity with the catalytic domain according to additivity tests. These data suggest that disintegrin-like domain epitopes are in close contact with catalytic site or functionally modulate the expression of hemorrhagic activity in SVMPs.

This article was published in Toxicon and referenced in Immunome Research

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