alexa SNAP-25 palmitoylation and plasma membrane targeting require a functional secretory pathway.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Gonzalo S, Linder ME

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Abstract Synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) is a palmitoylated membrane protein essential for neurotransmitter release from synaptic terminals. We used neuronal cell lines to study the biosynthesis and posttranslational processing of SNAP-25 to investigate how palmitoylation contributes to the subcellular localization of the protein. SNAP-25 was synthesized as a soluble protein that underwent palmitoylation approximately 20 min after synthesis. Palmitoylation of the protein coincided with its stable membrane association. Treatment of cells with brefeldin A or other disrupters of transport inhibited palmitoylation of newly synthesized SNAP-25 and abolished membrane association. These results demonstrate that the processing of SNAP-25 and its targeting to the plasma membrane depend on an intact transport mechanism along the exocytic pathway. The kinetics of SNAP-25 palmitoylation and membrane association and the sensitivity of these parameters to brefeldin A suggest a novel trafficking pathway for targeting proteins to the plasma membrane. In vitro, SNAP-25 stably associated with membranes was not released from the membrane after chemical deacylation. We propose that palmitoylation of SNAP-25 is required for initial membrane targeting of the protein but that other interactions can maintain membrane association in the absence of fatty acylation.
This article was published in Mol Biol Cell and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

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