alexa SOCS: suppressors of cytokine signalling.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Starr R, Hilton DJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Regulation of many aspects of cell behaviour occurs through the interaction of cytokines with specific cell surface receptors, resulting in the activation of cytoplasmic signal transduction pathways. Although cellular responses to cytokines are tightly controlled, few molecules have been identified which are able to switch these signals off. The suppressors of cytokine signalling (SOCS) proteins are a new family of negative regulators of cytokine signal transduction. SOCS proteins contain a variable amino-terminal region, a central Src-homology 2 (SH2) domain and a novel conserved carboxy-terminal motif termed the SOCS box. The expression of SOCS proteins is induced by cytokine. Once expressed, SOCS downregulate JAK/STAT pathways and hence the biological response. Recent studies, primarily reliant on overexpression of proteins, indicate that SOCS may be involved in modulating additional pathways, suggesting that they may play a more general role in regulating cellular responses to cytokine. The analysis of knockout mice will clarify the physiological role of SOCS in regulating cytokine responsiveness. Mutations leading to the loss of SOCS activity may give rise to cytokine hyperresponsiveness and may contribute to the development of diseases such as diabetes and cancer. Small molecule effectors which modify SOCS function may potentially be useful therapeutics for the treatment of certain diseases.
This article was published in Int J Biochem Cell Biol and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]csonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords