Author(s): Choi YB, Son M, Park M, Shin J, Yun Y
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Abstract The T cell-specific tyrosine kinase, p56(lck), plays crucial roles in T cell receptor (TCR)-mediated T cell activation. Here, we report that SOCS-6 (suppressor of cytokine signaling-6) is a negative regulator of p56(lck). SOCS-6 was identified as a protein binding to the kinase domain of p56(lck) through yeast two-hybrid screening. SOCS-6 bound specifically to p56(lck) (F505), which mimics the active form of p56(lck), but not to wild type p56(lck). In Jurkat T cells, SOCS-6 binding to p56(lck) was detected 1-2 h after TCR stimulation. Confocal microscopy showed that upon APC-T cell conjugation, SOCS-6 was recruited to the immunological synapse and colocalized with the active form of p56(lck). SOCS-6 promoted p56(lck) ubiquitination and its subsequent targeting to the proteasome. Moreover, SOCS-6 overexpression led to repression of TCR-dependent interleukin-2 promoter activity. These results establish that SOCS-6 acts as a negative regulator of T cell activation by promoting ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research