alexa Sodium nitroprusside induces mild oxidative stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Lushchak OV, Lushchak VI

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Nitric oxide is known to be a messenger in animals and plants. It may act either as a pro-oxidant or antioxidant. In the present work, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was treated under aerobic conditions with the nitric oxide donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), at concentrations of 1, 5 and 10 mM. The activities of antioxidant enzymes as well as concentrations of protein carbonyls and cellular thiols were measured. Yeast incubation with SNP increased the activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase. Cycloheximide, an inhibitor of translation, blocked SNP-induced catalase activation, but not SOD activation. Incubation with SNP increased the activity of peroxisomal catalase, whereas cytosolic catalase was not affected. SNP treatment inactivated aconitase in a dose-dependent manner. Surprisingly, in cells incubated with 1 mM SNP, the levels of low-molecular weight thiols were significantly higher, whereas the concentrations of protein carbonyl groups were lower than those in untreated cells. The incubation of yeast cells either with decomposed SNP or with SNP under anaerobic conditions did not result in SOD and catalase activation. It is suggested, that under aerobic conditions, the SNP effects are connected with induction of mild oxidative/nitrosative stress. This article was published in Redox Rep and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords