alexa Soft tissue Rosai-Dorfman disease: 29 new lesions in 18 patients, with detection of polyomavirus antigen in 3 abdominal cases.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): AlDaraji W, Anandan A, KlassenFischer M, Auerbach A, Marwaha JS,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Soft tissue Rosai-Dorfman disease (STRDD) is rare, previously reported only as single cases and few series. Simian virus 40 (SV40), a polyomavirus, has been identified in lymphoid processes and has a controversial role in neoplasia etiology. Occasional cytoplasmic pink granular inclusions and nuclear changes led us to explore a viral etiology. Only unpublished STRDD from our files with adequate material, soft tissue location, and diagnostic confirmation were included. Immunohistochemistry and follow-up were obtained. Eighteen STRDD patients, 4 male and 14 female, had 29 lesions; 5 with 2 or more lesions. Ages ranged from 8 to 81 years (mean 42.6 years and median 42.5 years). Soft tissue Rosai-Dorfman disease locations include trunk or proximal extremity (n = 19), distal extremity (n = 5), "abdominal" (n = 3), face (n = 1), and unknown subcutaneous site (n = 1). Sizes ranged from 0.5 to 13.7 cm (median, 2.4 cm). Previous disease included lymphoma, buttocks injection site, diabetes and hypothyroidism, and radiation for chronic dermopathy. No patients had a preceding or concurrent known viral infection; none had lymphadenopathy at present. None were known to be immunocompromised. Soft tissue Rosai-Dorfman disease was rapidly progressing. Initial pathologic diagnosis ranged from Rosai-Dorfman disease or inflammatory pseudotumor to inflammatory malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Grossly STRDDs were multilobulated, tan-yellow, and firm; morphologically, circumscribed, and subcutaneous-based. All had sheets of polygonal histiocytes with abundant pale eosinophilic cytoplasm, emperipolesis, plasma cells, and lymphocytes scattered and within clusters. Focal spindle cell change and mild pleomorphism were each observed in 3 patients; 2 had focal necrosis, none with mitoses. Small granular pink cytoplasmic inclusions and nuclear viral-like changes were observed. By immunohistochemistry, all STRDDs were positive for S100 protein, negative for CD1a, Epstein-Barr virus, and latent membrane protein, yet 3 (all abdominal, 1 multicentric) of the 9 studied were focally positive for cytoplasmic and nuclear SV40 polyomavirus. All were treated by local excision. Follow-up on 14 patients older than 8 to 16 years revealed recurrence in 3 patients with persistent multiple lesions, one with abdominal location. There were no metastases or death from disease. Soft tissue Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rapidly evolving, mostly solitary and nonrecurrent trunk and proximal extremity subcutaneous lesion in middle-aged females. More than one third can have persistent multicentric disease. It is important to recognize STRDD, to separate it from malignancy. Epstein-Barr virus/latent membrane protein was negative but polyomavirus was positive in 3 patients with abdominal STRDD, one with multicentric persistent disease. The relationship of polyomavirus to the evolution of abdominal STRDD should be further explored. Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc. This article was published in Ann Diagn Pathol and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

agriaquaculture@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

biochemjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemistryjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

clinicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineeringjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

nutritionjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

generalscience@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

geneticsmolbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immunomicrobiol@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

nursinghealthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuropsychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

pharmajournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords