Author(s): Radwan SS, Sorkhoh NA, Fardoun F, alHasan RH
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Abstract Oil-polluted Kuwaiti desert samples, exposed to the open air, were subjected to specific types of management, once every 2 weeks, throughout a year; control samples were not treated. The total amounts of extractable alkanes from the control samples remained fairly constant during the dry hot months, but decreased during the rainy months reaching, after 1 year, slightly more than one-half of the amount at zero time. This result demonstrates the self-cleaning of the Kuwaiti desert and the essential role of moisture in this process. Out of the eight types of management studied, the repeated fertilization of the polluted sample with 3\% KNO3 solution was most efficient, reducing the extractable alkanes after 1 year to about one-third of zero reading. Repeated fertilization with treated sewage effluent was inhibitory to alkane biodegradation, probably because of increasing soil acidity. The latter inhibitory effect was annulled by liming. Repeated irrigation with 3\% NaCl solution was inhibitory, but 1\% NaCl solution slightly promoted alkane biodegradation. The various samples contained 10(10)-10(11) oil-utilizing bacteria/g soil, predominantly Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Rhodococcus and Streptomyces. Oil-utilizing fungi were much less frequent and were predominantly Aspergillus and Penicillium species. The microbial numbers varied not only according to the type of soil management but also to the season.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Nursing & Care