alexa Solid phase extraction--non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis for determination of metformin, phenformin and glyburide in human plasma.


Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

Author(s): Lai EP, Feng SY

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Abstract Solid phase extraction (SPE) was coupled at line to capillary electrophoresis (CE) for the determination of three basic and neutral diabetic drugs (metformin, phenformin and glyburide) in human plasma. The SPE procedure employed a C(18) cartridge to remove most of the water and proteins from the plasma sample. Analyte detectability was increased due to trace enrichment during the SPE process. Elution of metformin, phenformin and glyburide was achieved with methanol+3\% acetic acid. CE analysis was performed using a non-aqueous buffer, acetonitrile+5mM ammonium acetate+5\% acetic acid, which afforded rapid separation of metformin from phenformin within 3 min. Glyburide, with a migration time longer than 6 min, did not cause any interference. The present SPE-CE method, with an electrokinetic injection time of 6s and UV detection at 240 nm, was useful for monitoring down to 1 microg/mL of metformin and phenformin in human plasma. When the electrokinetic injection time was increased to 36s, the detection limits were improved to 12 ng/mL for metformin and 6 ng/mL for phenformin. This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

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