alexa Soluble CD36 in plasma and urine: a plausible prognostic marker for diabetic nephropathy.


Journal of Kidney

Author(s): Shiju TM, Mohan V, Balasubramanyam M, Viswanathan P

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Abstract AIMS: This study was designed to analyze the level of soluble CD36 (sCD36) in both plasma and urine of type 2 diabetic patients with and without microalbuminuria/macroalbuminuria. METHODS: Study subjects (n=20 each) comprised of those with normal glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) with normoalbuminiria, T2DM with microalbuminuria and T2DM with macroalbuminuria. The biochemical parameters were analyzed using auto-analyzer, and the level of sCD36 was estimated using an in-house Sandwich ELISA. RESULTS: The presence of sCD36 has been identified for the first time in the urine sample. Significant increase in the level of sCD36 was observed in both plasma and urine of diabetic patients with microalbuminuria (P<0.01) and macroalbuminuria (P<0.001). Positive correlation of sCD36 with the kidney markers such as urea, creatinine and eGFR confirmed the association of sCD36 with kidney damage in diabetic patients. Microalbuminuria, which is clinically used as a biomarker for nephropathy showed a strong positive correlation with urine sCD36 (r=0.642; P<0.001) and plasma sCD36 (r=0.498; P<0.001) in Pearson correlation analysis, which was further substantiated in stepwise multiple regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study implies a plausible prognostic/adjuvant biomarker role of soluble CD36 for diabetic nephropathy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Diabetes Complications and referenced in Journal of Kidney

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