Author(s): Galon J, Gauchat JF, Mazires N, Spagnoli R, Storkus W,
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Abstract The type III-B Fcgamma receptor (FcgammaRIII-B) is a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-linked receptor found on human neutrophils. A soluble form of FcgammaRIII-B (sCD16) corresponding to the extracellular region of the receptor circulates in plasma. In the present work, we have identified membrane receptors for sCD16. Soluble CD16 bound to CR3 (CDllb/CD18)- and CR4 (CDllc/CD18)- positive leukocytes and cell lines, the labeling was inhibited by anti-CD11b, CD11c or CD18 mAbs, and the up-regulation of CR3 and CR4 led to an increased fixation of sCD16. Transfected eukaryotic cells expressing recombinant CD11b/CD18 or CD11c/CD18 heterodimers but not those expressing CD11a/CD18 bound sCD16. Moreover, the lectin-like binding site of CR3 is probably involved in the interaction with sCD16, as suggested by inhibition studies using mAbs against CR3 or sugars such as N-acetyl D-glucosamine, alpha- or beta-methyl D-glucoside, alpha- or beta-methyl D-mannoside, or zymosan. Thus, the complement receptors CR3 and CR4 are membrane receptors for sCD16. Through this interaction, sCD16 induces a CR3-dependent production of IL-6 and IL-8 by monocytes. These results suggest that sCD16 plays a regulatory role in inflammatory processes and provide a molecular basis for the interaction between FcgammaRIII-B and CR3 described on the cell membrane.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics