Author(s): Sher G, Keskintepe L, Fisch JD, Acacio BA, Ahlering P, , Sher G, Keskintepe L, Fisch JD, Acacio BA, Ahlering P, , Sher G, Keskintepe L, Fisch JD, Acacio BA, Ahlering P, , Sher G, Keskintepe L, Fisch JD, Acacio BA, Ahlering P,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy and implantation rates after ART when embryos for day 3 embryo transfer were selected based on soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) expression in the culture media at 46 hours after fertilization by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Private practice. PATIENT(S): One hundred seven patients undergoing ART aged <39 years with normal ovarian reserve, a normal uterine cavity, and two or more embryos scoring > or =70 by the graduated embryo scoring (GES) method, transferred on day 3. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were divided into two groups. In group A (n = 51) all embryos transferred expressed sHLA-G above the geometric mean (sHLA-G+), whereas in group B (n = 56) all embryos transferred were sHLA-G-ve. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Viable pregnancy rate (patients with fetal heart activity at 8 weeks of gestation per embryo transfer procedure), and implantation rate (viable gestational sacs per total embryos transferred). RESULT(S): When all embryos transferred were sHLA-G+ve the pregnancy and implantation rates were 75\% (38/51) and 44\% (51/116), respectively, compared to 23\% (13/56) and 14\% (20/143) when all embryos transferred were sHLA-G-ve. CONCLUSION(S): Pregnancy and implantation rates after day 3 embryo transfer are improved when sHLA-G expression in phase I culture media at 46 hours after fertilization by ICSI is used prospectively as a criterion for selecting optimal embryos for transfer.
This article was published in Fertil Steril
and referenced in Journal of Immunobiology