alexa Solvent free production of porous PDLLA calcium carbonate composite scaffolds improves the release of bone growth factors.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Author(s): Schliephake H, Vucak M, Boven J, Backhaus S, Annen T,

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Abstract PURPOSE: Incorporation of alkaline nano-/microparticles for neutralization of acidic degradation products into degradable polymer foams requires the use of organic solvents, which may compromise biocompatibility and may be associated with biological hazards. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a solvent-free method to produce porous poly (DL-lactic acid)/calcium carbonate composite scaffolds (PDLLA/CaCO3) for controlled release of incorporated osteogenic growth factors. METHODS: Composite PDLLA/CaCO3 granules were produced using a milling process and compared to composite material fabricated through a solution precipitation process using organic solvents. Particle size and mineral content were comparable in both groups. Supercritical carbon dioxide pressure was used to incorporate rhBMP2 into both composites. RESULTS: Gas foaming resulted in comparable pore structures in both groups exhibiting a homogenous distribution of CaCO3 microparticles in the polymer scaffolds. The elasticity modulus of both types of scaffolds was not significantly different whereas the bending strength of the solvent-free produced scaffolds was significantly lower. The pH values remained constant between 6.90 and 7.25 during degradation of both composites. Release of BMP2 was significantly higher and the induction of alkaline phosphatase was more reliable in the group of scaffolds produced without organic solvents. CONCLUSION: Solvent-free fabrication of composite PDLLA/CaCO3 scaffolds for controlled release of bone growth factors through gas foaming significantly enhances the release of growth factors and improves the biological efficacy of the incorporated growth factors. This article was published in Oral Maxillofac Surg and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

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