alexa Somatic mutation screening: identification of individuals harboring K-ras mutations with the use of plasma DNA
Oncology

Oncology

Chemotherapy: Open Access

Author(s): Kopreski MS, Benko F, Borys DJ, Khan A

Abstract Share this page

Many cancers are attributed to somatic mutation of DNA. We investigated whether it is feasible to detect cancer-associated somatic mutations in patients with neoplasms by using plasma DNA. METHODS: Plasma samples were prospectively collected from 240 patients undergoing colonoscopy. Colorectal biopsies were performed as clinically indicated in 135 patients, and risk factor information was available from 232 patients. DNA was extracted from plasma and colorectal tissue and was amplified by use of a polymerase chain reaction method that enriches for mutations in codon 12 of the K-ras oncogene. Molecular, histologic, and clinical data were compared by use of two-sided Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Mutations in the K-ras gene detected in the plasma of 64 (28%) of 232 patients were statistically significantly associated with colorectal cancer risk factors (P =.0002). Of those patients having tissue available for comparison (n = 135), mutations in the K-ras gene were found in the tissues of 35 patients, and 29 (83%) of these 35 showed mutations in plasma samples. In contrast, the plasma assay was negative in 93 of the 100 patients whose tissue K-ras was wild-type. Among patients without biopsies (n = 105), 28 had mutated K-ras in their plasma DNA, despite the absence of remarkable colonoscopy findings; 24 of these 28 patients had risk factors for colorectal cancer. Overall, 25 (39%) of 64 patients showing mutations in plasma DNA had colorectal neoplasms with K-ras mutations compared with five (3%) of 176 patients without K-ras mutations in plasma DNA. CONCLUSION: Plasma DNA assays for the detection of mutations in K-ras codon 12 may provide a feasible method to screen populations for somatic mutations frequently found in neoplasms. The clinical utility of using this test in screening populations requires further study.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in J Natl Cancer Inst and referenced in Chemotherapy: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords