Author(s): Ye C, Pan L, Huang Y, Ye R, Han A,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: As a common disease, the molecular etiology of noninherited vascular anomalies is still poorly understood. Recently, somatic mutations in exon 17 of the endothelial cell tyrosine kinase receptor Tie-2 (encoded by TEK) were identified in 49.1\% of patients with common sporadic venous malformation, a subtype of vascular anomalies. We assessed whether such a mutational region also had a role in the Chinese population or in other subtypes of noninherited vascular anomalies (vascular tumors and vascular malformations). METHODS: Direct sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified DNA, extracted from 139 lesions in 129 individuals with noninherited vascular anomalies (vascular tumors or vascular malformations) and 60 control samples, was used for detecting the mutations in exon 17 of the TEK gene. Mutations were confirmed by allele-specific PCR. Clone sequences were then used for the mutations identified for the first time. We also explored the associations between these mutations and clinical characteristics (gender, onset age, number of lesions, severity, category, and recurrence of the disease) in both vascular tumors and vascular malformations. RESULTS: Two somatic TEK mutations (Y897C, R915C) were identified in vascular tumors, and seven somatic TEK mutations (Y897H, Y897C, L914F, R915C, S917I, R918C, R918H) were identified in vascular malformations. Among these mutations, R918C (2,752 C > T) and R918H (2,753 G > A) were first identified in noninherited vascular anomalies. Somatic TEK mutations were detected in lesions from 4 of 23 (17.4\%) vascular tumors and 35 of 106 (33.0\%) vascular malformations, where most mutations were single substitutions in vascular tumors (100\%) and vascular malformations (88.6\%), while the remainders were double substitutions. In addition to the reported venous malformation, such mutations were identified in some other subtypes of vascular anomalies, including vascular tumors (infantile hemangioma, pyogenic granuloma, and epithelioid hemangioma) and vascular malformations (capillary malformation, arteriovenous malformation, capillary lymphatic malformation, and capillary arteriovenous malformation). By contrast, these mutations were absent from the control tissues or blood. However, mutations showed no association (P > .05) with clinical characteristics in vascular anomalies or either of its two types (vascular tumors or vascular malformations). CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that somatic mutations in exon 17 of the TEK gene were more common in noninherited vascular anomalies than previously reported. Furthermore, such substitutions may shed new light on the molecular etiology, diagnosis, and potential therapeutic targets of vascular anomalies. Crown Copyright © 2011. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Vasc Surg
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