alexa SPAP2, an Ig family receptor containing both ITIMs and ITAMs.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Xu MJ, Zhao R, Cao H, Zhao ZJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This study reports cloning and characterization of SPAP2, a novel transmembrane protein. The extracellular portion of SPAP2 contains six immunoglobulin-like domains and its intracellular segment has two immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) and two immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motifs (ITIMs). We also identified four alternatively spliced products. Sequence alignment with the genomic database revealed that the SPAP2 gene contains 16 exons and is localized at chromosome 1q21. PCR analyses demonstrated that SPAP2 mRNA is expressed in restricted human tissues including the kidney, salivary gland, adrenal gland, uterus, and bone marrow. Tyrosine-phosphorylated SPAP2 is specifically associated with SH2 domain-containing tyrosine kinases Syk and Zap70 and SH2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2. Site-specific mutagenesis studies revealed that tyrosyl residues 650 and 662 embedded in the ITIMs are responsible for the binding of Syk and Zap70 while tyrosyl residues 692 and 722 embedded in the ITIMs are involved in interactions with SHP-1 and SHP-2. Finally, recruitment of SHP-1 to the tyrosine-phosphorylated ITIMs led to a marked activation of the enzyme. (c) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords