alexa Spatial distribution of metals in top soils of Islamabad City, Pakistan.
Geology & Earth Science

Geology & Earth Science

Journal of Geography & Natural Disasters

Author(s): Ali SM, Malik RN

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Present study was conducted in rapidly growing city Islamabad, and surface soils were collected from three major land cover types viz., built-up, drain side, and green areas. A total of seven physicochemical parameters and 11 metals were determined in surface soils. Factor analysis based on principal component analysis explained total variance of 68.0\%, 64.5\%, and 60.2\% of three land cover types and showed high loadings for major elements (Mg and K) in built-up and green area and Fe in drain side. Top soil pollution index was carried out by using geo-accumulation index and metal pollution index (MPI₆). Concentration of major elements (Ca, Mg, Na, K) in surface soils is derived by parent material, whereas concentration of Fe, Ni, Pb, and Zn were mainly related with anthropogenic sources. Geostatistical methods such as kirging identified hotspot areas of metal contamination by Pb, Ni, and Zn in built-up areas influenced mainly by vehicular emissions and waste disposal. The results stresses that land clearing should be avoided to reduce contamination and management of urban soils. This article was published in Environ Monit Assess and referenced in Journal of Geography & Natural Disasters

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 3rd World Congress on GIS and Remote Sensing
    September 20-21, 2017 Charlotte, North Carolina, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version