alexa Special nutritional needs of infants for prevention of and recovery from bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Journal of Neonatal Biology

Author(s): Atkinson SA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Extremely low birth weight infants who develop severe respiratory disease may have special nutrient requirements imposed by a combination of enhanced utilization of nutrients or the need for epithelial cell repair resulting from the disease process, as well as to support catch-up growth. Inositol, free fatty acids, vitamin E and vitamin A are proposed as nutrients for which infants at risk of chronic pulmonary insufficiency may have special requirements. Of these nutrients, only for vitamin A does suggestive evidence exist that high doses when given intramuscularly may reduce the incidence of death or chronic lung disease. Exogenous steroid therapy (dexamethasone), which is often used to improve pulmonary compliance in ventilated premature infants, may compromise vitamin A status and induce restricted somatic and bone mineral growth. Supplemental nutrition by means of enriched infant formulas has provided benefits in growth and bone mass accretion to infants recovering from bronchopulmonary dysplasia up to 3-mo corrected age. This growth advantage was not sustained over the subsequent 9 mo, suggesting that prolonged nutritional support is required until catch-up growth is complete. Further studies are required to delineate the needs for specific nutrients such as antioxidant vitamins and minerals or vitamin A that may play a role in preventing severe chronic lung disease in premature infants. As well, the role of supplemental nutrition (beyond the requirements of term infants) to support catch-up growth and maintenance during the critical stages of early development requires further investigation before evidence-based nutrient recommendations can be developed for this special population of infants.
This article was published in J Nutr and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 10th World Pediatric Congress
    September 28-29, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • Infancy, Child Nutrition & Development (ICND)
    October 16-18, 2017 (20 Forums, 3 Days- 1 Event) New York, USA
  • 20th International Conference on Neonatology and Perinatology
    December 04-06, 2017 Madrid, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords