alexa Species differences in the structure and function of the immune system.


Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): Haley PJ

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Abstract With the recent publication of regulatory guidelines from both the FDA and the CPMP addressing the investigation of immunotoxicity of new chemical entities has come the requisite increased application of immunotoxicology protocols. Importantly, the fulfillment of these protocols may require the use of different species, and while in many cases information concerning the structure and function of the immune system can be readily translated across species, there are numerous and significant species differences that need to be considered. In some cases, the generation of meaningful immunotoxicology data can be adversely affected by the choice of a species that does not adequately share the immune function of concern with man. Likewise immunotoxicology testing in one species may produce negative data in one species but positive data in another. Knowing the mechanistic basis through an understanding of species differences in the structure and function of the immune system is pivotal to success. This becomes especially true as pharmaceutical companies design and develop highly specific immunomodulatory molecules that demonstrate species-specific pharmacology. This review is an exploration of various species differences in the structure and function of the immune system and an attempt to identify those differences that may be important in the conduct of immunotoxicity tests.
This article was published in Toxicology and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

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