Author(s): Cayre M, Strambi C, Charpin P, Augier R, Strambi A
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Abstract Persistent neurogenesis in an adult insect brain was recently shown to be stimulated by juvenile hormone (JH). This morphogenetic hormone was also shown to act on polyamine biosynthesis. To analyze the possible involvement of polyamines in the neurogenic action of JH, two series of experiments were carried out with adult female crickets, Acheta domesticus: (i) inhibition of the first key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis, ornithine decarboxylase, with alpha-difluoromethylornithine (alpha-DFMO), and examination of the effects of this treatment on the neuroblast proliferation response to JH; and (ii) examination of the effects of putrescine supplementation on the mitotic index of JH-deprived and alpha-DFMO-treated females. In control females, alpha-DFMO treatment, as well as JH deprivation, greatly reduced neuroblast proliferation. Putrescine supplementation in alpha-DFMO-treated insects overcame the effects of alpha-DFMO, and allowed for detection of putrescine in the neural tissue and stimulation of brain neurogenesis. In JH-deprived females, alpha-DFMO treatment completely prevented the stimulatory action of JH on neuroblast proliferation and on brain putrescine levels. By contrast, putrescine feeding of JH-deprived animals was able to mimic the stimulatory effect of JH: brain putrescine levels increased and neuroblast proliferation was restored. To our knowledge, this report demonstrates for the first time that in vivo administration of putrescine can mimic the effects of a morphogenetic hormone on adult neuroblast proliferation, and shows the importance of polyamines, especially putrescine, in the transduction of JH message in neural tissue.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones