Author(s): Hartmann G, Bidlingmaier C, Siegmund B, Albrich S, Schulze J,
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Abstract The specific type IV phosphodiesterase inhibitor rolipram is a potent suppressor of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) synthesis. We examined the efficacy of rolipram for the prevention and treatment of experimental colitis. To induce colitis, BALB/c mice received 5\% dextran sulfate sodium in their drinking water continuously for up to 11 days. Colitis was quantified by a clinical activity score assessing weight loss, stool consistency, and rectal bleeding (range from 0 to 4); by colon length; by a semiquantitative histologic score (range from 0 to 6); and by detecting TNF concentration in colonic tissue by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In a first protocol, rolipram (10 mg/kg b.wt./day i.p.) was started on the same day as dextran sulfate sodium. Rolipram reduced the clinical activity of colitis (score 1.1 +/- 0.3) compared with mice that did not receive rolipram (2.4 +/- 0.4; P =.041). Rolipram also partially reversed the reduction of colon length (without rolipram, 12.4 +/- 0. 3 cm; with rolipram, 15.4 +/- 0.7 cm; P =.004) and improved the histologic score (1.5 +/- 0.6 in rolipram-treated mice versus 4.6 +/- 0.5; P =.020). Rolipram suppressed colonic tissue TNF concentrations. The beneficial effect of rolipram was confirmed in a second protocol in which dextran sulfate sodium exposure was discontinued on day 7 and rolipram was administered from day 8 through day 15. These three series of experiments on a total of 153 mice documented the efficacy of rolipram in both the prevention and treatment of experimental colitis.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy