alexa Specificity of human anti-carbohydrate IgG antibodies as probed with polyacrylamide-based glycoconjugates.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Smorodin EP, Kurtenkov OA, Sergeyev BL, Pazynina GV, Bovin NV

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Abstract The TF, Tn, and SiaTn glycotopes are frequently expressed in cancer-associated mucins. Antibodies to these glycotopes were found in human serum. A set of polyacrylamide (PAA)--based glycoconjugates was applied to the direct and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) to characterize the specificity of serum IgG antibodies. The anti-TF, -Tn and -SiaTn IgG were affinity purified from serum of cancer patients and characterized using PAA-conjugates and free saccharides. The anti-TF and -Tn antibodies were shown to be specific. The anti-TF IgG bound both Galbeta1-3GalNAcalpha- and Galbeta1-3GalNAcbeta-PAA, the latter was three-four times more effective inhibitor of antibody binding. The anti-Tn IgG reacted only with GalNAcalpha-PAA. The anti-SiaTn IgG cross-reacted with Tn-PAA but SiaTn-PAA was five-six times more effective inhibitor in a competitive assay. The IC50 values for PAA-conjugates with the corresponding antibodies typically ranged from 2 to 5 x 10(-8) M. The antibodies display a low specificity to mucin-type glycoconjugates in comparison with PAA-conjugates as was shown for mucins isolated from human malignant tumor tissues, ovine submaxillary mucin (OSM) and asialo-OSM. The unusual IgG-antibody specificity to GalNAcbeta and GalNAcbeta1-3GalNAcbeta ligands was found in human serum. This article was published in Glycoconj J and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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