Author(s): Knight JA, Pieper RK, McClellan L, Knight JA, Pieper RK, McClellan L
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Abstract The thiobarbituric acid (TBA) reaction, quantified by colorimetry or fluorimetry, is the method most widely used for studying lipid peroxidation in both laboratory animals and in humans with disorders. However, concerns regarding its analytical specificity have often been expressed, because TBA reacts with a wide variety of chemical species to produce a pink to red color. In this study, we reacted TBA with various saturated and unsaturated aldehydes (both directly and in the presence of sucrose, fructose, and glucose), substituted pyrimidines, 2-deoxyribose, and N-acetylneuraminic acid. We also studied the TBA reaction with bilirubin, biliverdin, icteric serum, and serum containing hemolyzed erythrocytes, comparing the absorption spectra of these reaction products with that for malondialdehyde (MDA). The reaction products were also analyzed for MDA by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Although the TBA reaction with some of these compounds may not be important in biological studies, others could lead to misinterpretations of increased lipid peroxidation. Use of HPLC to quantify MDA is recommended because of its high analytical sensitivity and specificity, especially in the study of lipid peroxidation in human subjects.
This article was published in Clin Chem
and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology