Author(s): Clements CS, Dunstone MA, Macdonald WA, McCluskey J, Rossjohn J
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Abstract The interaction between the alphabeta T cell receptor (TCR) and the peptide bound to the major histocompatibility complex class I molecule (pMHC-I) constitutes a central interaction in adaptive immunity. How these receptors interact with such low affinity while maintaining exquisite specificity for peptide antigen and host MHC (MHC-I restriction) remains a challenge to be explained by structural immunologists. Moreover, how this extracellular interaction is transmitted as an intracellular signal via the CD3 complex remains unresolved. Nevertheless, several structures of TCRs, non-liganded and ligated to a defined pMHC-I, combined with detailed biophysical analyses, have provided insight of the structural basis of MHC-I restriction. In addition, structures of isolated CD3 components have enabled T cell signalling mechanisms to be postulated. Recent findings in this area, which include seven distinct TCR/pMHC-I complexes, have fundamental implications in adaptive immunity as well as therapeutic applications to modulate the adaptive immune response.
This article was published in Curr Opin Struct Biol
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy