alexa Spectrophotometric complexation of cephalosporins with palladium (II) chloride in aqueous and non-aqueous solvents.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Bagheri Gh A, Yosefi rad A, Rezvani M, Roshanzamir S

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Abstract The complexation reaction of cephalosporins namely cefotaxime (CTX), cefuroxime (CRX), and cefazolin (CEFAZ) with palladium (II) ions have been studied in water and DMF in 25 °C by the spectrophotometric methods. The method is based on the formation of yellow to yellowish brown complex between palladium (II) chloride and the investigated cephalosporins in the presence of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) as surfactant. The complexation process was optimized in terms of pH, temperature and contact time. The stoichiometry of all the complexes was found to be 2:1 (metal ion/ligand) for CTX, CRX, and 1:2 for CEFAZ. The stoichiometry of palladium (II)-cephalosporins was estimated by mole ratio and continuous variation methods and emphasized by the KINFIT program. These drugs could be determined by measuring the absorbance of each complex at its specific λmax. The results obtained are in good agreement with those obtained using the official methods. The proposed method was successfully applied for the determination of these compounds in their dosage forms. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

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