alexa Spectrophotometric Determination of Uranium Using 2-(2-Thiazolylazo)-p-Cresol (TAC) in the Presence of Surfactants
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

Author(s): Leonardo Sena Gomes Teixeira, Antonio Celso Spnola Costa, Srgio Lus Costa Ferreira, Maria de Lourdes Freitas, Marcelo Souza de Carvalho

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No presente trabalho apresenta-se um método seletivo e sensível para rápida determinação de urânio usando o 2-(2-Tiazolilazo)-p-Cresol (TAC). O TAC reage com o urânio(VI) em pH 6,5 formando um complexo estável por pelo menos 3 h. Brometo de N-cetil-N,N,N-trimetil amônio (CTAB) e triton X-100 foram usados para aumento da sensibilidade e solubilidade do sistema respectivamente. O método permite a determinação de urânio na faixa de 0,30 a 12,0 mg mL-1 com absortividade molar estimada em 1,31 x 104 L mol-1 cm-1 e limite de detecção de 26 ng mL-1 em 588 nm. O uso do ácido 1,2-ciclohexilenodinitrilo tetraacético (CyDTA) como agente mascarante aumenta a seletividade do reagente para a determinação de urânio. O método proposto foi aplicado para determinação de urânio em água drenada de mina onde a precisão (R.S.D. < 2%) e exatidão obtidas foram satisfatórias. A sensitive and selective spectrophotometric method is proposed for the rapid determination of uranium using 2-(2- Thiazolylazo)-p-Cresol (TAC). The reaction between TAC and uranium (VI) is instantaneous at pH 6.5 and the absorbance remains stable for over 3 h. N-cetyl-N,N,N-trimethylamonium bromide (CTAB) and triton X-100 are used for increasing the sensitivity and solubility of the system respectively. The method allows the determination of uranium in the range from 0.30 to 12.0 mg mL-1 with a molar absorptivity of 1.31 x 104 L mol-1 cm-1 and features a detection limit of 26 ng mL-1 at 588 nm. The selectivity of the reagent was improved by the use of (1,2-cyclohexylenedinitrilo) tetraacetic acid (CyDTA) as masking agent. The proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of uranium in mine drainage waters. The precision (R.S.D. < 2%) and the accuracy obtained were satisfactory.

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This article was published in scielo and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

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