Author(s): Osbakken MD, Boucher CA, Okada RD, Bingham JB, Strauss HW,
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Abstract Left ventricular function was evaluated with rest and supine bicycle exercise-multigated blood pool scans in 53 patients who had previously undergone coronary angiography for evaluation of a chest pain syndrome. There were 21 normal patients (less than 25\% stenosis in any coronary artery, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure less than or equal to 12 mm Hg, and normal left ventriculography) and 32 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) (greater than 50\% narrowing in 1 or more major coronary arteries). Thirty-two (60\%) were receiving propranolol at the time of the study. The normal patient group had a significant increase in mean ejection fraction (EF) during exercise (+0.08 +/- 0.09), while the CAD group had no increase (0 +/- 0.11; p less than 0.05). Mean end-systolic volume decreased significantly in the normal group (-5 +/- 8 ml/m2) but demonstrated no significant change in the CAD group (1 +/- 12 ml/m2; p less than 0.05 compared with normal patients). There was no significant change in mean end-diastolic volume in either group. Mean ejection rate, mean peak systolic pressure/end-systolic volume ratio, and mean pulmonary blood volume ratio also differed in the normal versus CAD patients. Despite mean differences, there was considerable overlap in both groups of individual EF responses: 8 of 21 (38\%) of the normal group did not have an increase in EF of 0.05 with exercise, while 15 of 32 (47\%) of the CAD group did have an increase in EF of 0.05 with exercise. However, the addition of peak systolic pressure/end-systolic volume ratio and pulmonary blood volume (exercise/rest) ratio improved the sensitivity for detecting CAD from 53 to 84\% without adversely affecting specificity. Thus, there is a wide spectrum of left ventricular EF responses to supine exercise. In our patient population, EF alone was an insensitive and nonspecific marker of CAD. The addition of other parameters of global left ventricular function, which may be generated using radionuclide angiography, helps distinguish patients with CAD from normal subjects.
This article was published in Am J Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy