alexa Spermatid nuclear and sperm periaxonemal anomalies in the mouse Ube2b null mutant.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Author(s): Escalier D, Bai XY, Silvius D, Xu PX, Xu X

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Abstract Ube2b (yeast Ubc2b/Rad6 homolog) null mice were described previously. Ube2b encodes the murine ubiquitin conjugating enzyme mHR6B. Ube2b(-/-) mice were shown to present male infertility and their sperm head shape anomalies suggested that Ube2b may be involved in the replacement of nuclear proteins during spermatid chromatin condensation. Apoptosis of spermatocytes suggested additional targets of Ube2b during spermatogenesis. Consistently, we found Ube2b transcription in both meiotic and postmeiotic stages by in situ hybridization. Immuno-electron microscopy revealed that transition proteins 1 and 2, protamines 1 and 2, and actin appear normally distributed during morphogenesis of Ube2b(-/-) spermatid heads. Surprisingly, electron microscopy revealed a particular sperm flagellum phenotype characterized by an abnormal distribution of periaxonemal structures. Flagellar anomalies of Ube2b null mice were previously described in infertile men indicating a possible genetic pathway for flagellar periaxonemal assembly in human. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. This article was published in Mol Reprod Dev and referenced in Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

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