alexa Sphingomyelin synthase 2 over-expression induces expression of aortic inflammatory biomarkers and decreases circulating EPCs in ApoE KO mice.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Zhao YR, Dong JB, Li Y, Wu MP

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Abstract AIMS: This study sought to assess the effect of sphingomyelin synthase 2 (SMS2) over-expression on plaque component and endothelial dysfunction in atherosclerosis. MAIN METHODS: We generated recombinant adenovirus vectors containing human SMS2 cDNA (AdV-SMS2) or control gene GFP cDNA (AdV-GFP). Both AdVs were injected (i.v.) into ApoE KO mice to establish SMS2 over-expressing and control mice models, respectively. The mice were fed a high fat diet for 30 days. We then examined their plasma lipid levels, expression levels of aortic inflammatory biomarkers critical for the plaque's stability, and numbers of peripheral endothelial progenitor cells (EPC). KEY FINDINGS: Compared with the control mice, SMS2 over-expression had significantly (1) increased aortic matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), tissue factor (TF) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA levels (1.9-fold, 2.2-fold, 2.6-fold and 3.2-fold, respectively, P<0.01) and protein levels (2.2-fold, 1.9-fold, 1.9-fold and 2.1-fold, respectively, P<0.01); (2) increased MMP-2, COX-2 in situ expression in aortic root (2.6-fold and 2.3-fold, respectively, P<0.01); (3) decreased aortic COX-1 mRNA levels (65\%, P<0.01) and protein levels (64\%, P<0.01); and (4) decreased CD34/KDR-positive cells (33\%, P<0.01), circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) (50\%, P<0.05), and colony forming units (CFUs) (40\%, P<0.05) in circulation. SIGNIFICANCE: SMS2 over-expression was probably associated with increased expression of aortic inflammatory biomarkers, as well as decreased numbers of CD34/KDR-positive cells, CACs and CFUs in circulation. Therefore, SMS2 over-expression might correlate with endothelial dysfunction and aggravate atherosclerotic plaque instability in ApoE KO mice. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Life Sci and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

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