alexa Sphingomyelinase in normal human spleens and in spleens from subjects with Niemann-Pick disease.
Engineering

Engineering

Advances in Robotics & Automation

Author(s): Schneider PB, Kennedy EP

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This paper describes the purification and some of the properties of an enzyme from human spleen that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin with the formation of ceramide and phosphoryl choline. The enzyme, which is located in the subcellular particulate fraction that sediments between 700 and 8500 g, is readily made soluble and has been partially purified. Its pH optimum is between 4.5 and 5.0. It is unaffected by divalent cations, chelating agents, and sulfhydryl reagents, but is inhibited by phosphate. The enzyme attacks sphingomyelin and dihydrosphingomyelin, but is inactive toward sphingosine phosphoryl choline, O-acetylsphingomyelin, and lecithin. In some of its properties, the enzyme from human spleen is different from the previously studied sphingomyelinase from rat tissues. The enzyme is absent or markedly reduced in spleens from patients with classical and visceral varieties of Niemann-Pick disease, but is present in normal amounts in the late infantile type of the disease. In the present study another enzyme, this one magnesium-dependent, capable of catalyzing the cleavage of sphingomyelin has been detected in the spleens of patients with the classical form of Niemann-Pick disease. Some implications of these findings for theories of the metabolic defect in Niemann-Pick disease are discussed.
This article was published in J Lipid Res and referenced in Advances in Robotics & Automation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version