Author(s): Mellin G, Poussa M
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Abstract Spinal mobility and posture were measured in 294 8-16-year-old boys and girls, divided into five age groups. The upper thoracic sagittal alignment was more vertical among girls, but the postural curves showed no significant age-related differences for either sex. Among both boys and girls thoracic extension, lateral flexion, and rotation decreased significantly between the ages of 12 and 13, but with the exception of extension they returned to the previous level by age 16. Girls were significantly different from boys at 13 years of age. In the thoracic spine, girls had less kyphosis, and were stiffer in forward and lateral flexion, with more rotation to the right than to the left. In the lumbar spine, lateral flexion increased after the age of 10 in both sexes. Between the ages of 8 and 14 lumbar lateral flexion was significantly greater among girls than among boys, whereas extension and rotation was greater only at the ages of 8 and 10 years. With increasing age, a shift from left to right dominance in lumbar lateral flexion was found in girls only.
This article was published in J Orthop Res
and referenced in Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation