Author(s): Beamer WG, Rosen CJ, Bronson RT, Gu W, Donahue LR,
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Abstract A new mouse model of stage-specific bone growth failure and fracture has been recovered as an autosomal recessive mutation, designated spontaneous fracture (sfx). The sfx/sfx mice are phenotypically normal until shortly after weaning, when reduced mobility and impaired somatic growth are first noted. By 6 weeks of age, body, spleen, and thymus weights, as well as hematocrits and serum calcium, inorganic phosphate, total alkaline phosphatase, insulin-like growth factor-I, and osteocalcin levels are decreased. The sfx/sfx mice also show reduced femoral cortical density and diaphyseal circumference, as well as a paucity of mature osteoblasts on bone surfaces. Histological analyses of the femur and tibia in the mutants show subtle reduction of chondrocyte numbers in epiphyseal-plate columns, reduction of matrix, and near absence of osteoid below the differentiated chondrocytes. Trabeculae in proximal tibiae, iliacs, and vertebral bodies are sparse and thin. Cortical bone thickness of mutants is markedly thinned in all sites examined. By 7-8 weeks, radiographic films routinely show spontaneous impact fractures of the distal femur accompanied by callus formation, whereas complete fractures are less commonly observed. Volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) of mutant femurs is similar to +/? littermates in the center of the femoral diaphysis, but BMD declines as either end of the femoral diaphysis is approached. We have mapped the gene responsible for this phenotype to central Chromosome 14. Reduced bone mass, impaired bone formation, abnormalities of bone architecture, and a disposition to spontaneous fracture identify sfx/sfx mice as a useful model for understanding the mechanisms responsible for peripubertal bone formation.
This article was published in Bone
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences