alexa Spontaneous gastrointestinal perforation in patients with lymphoma receiving chemotherapy and steroids. Report of three cases.
Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology

Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer and Stromal Tumors

Author(s): Wada M, Onda M, Tokunaga A, Kiyama T, Furukawa K, Egami K

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Spontaneous gastrointestinal perforations in three patients with lymphoma were considered to be treatment-related conditions. All three were diagnosed as having malignant lymphoma by histological examination, and treated with chemotherapy and steroids. Four to 14 days after the start of chemotherapy, they complained of abdominal pain and plain roentgenograms revealed pneumoperitoneum. The interval between the onset of peritonitis and operation was almost 24 h. Emergency operations were carried out; one patient with a jejunal perforation underwent resection of the jejunum, another with a gastric perforation received a simple closure with omental patch, and the third with a gastric perforation underwent gastrectomy. Two patients recovered from the surgery, while the gastrectomy patient died due to sepsis. The favorable outcome of the surgical intervention is attributed to early diagnosis, prompt exploration, and selective operative procedures. We recommended a simple closure with omental patch for gastroduodenal perforation. Resection and primary anastomosis are possible only in the small bowel.

This article was published in Nihon Ika Daigaku Zasshi and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer and Stromal Tumors

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