alexa Spontaneous low cerebrospinal pressure volume headaches.
Medicine

Medicine

Emergency Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Mokri B

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The majority, if not all, of the cases of spontaneous intracranial hypotension result from spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. The disorder has a broad clinical and imaging spectrum with substantial variability in clinical and imaging features, in CSF findings, and in response to treatment. Headache is the most common symptom and is typically orthostatic, but with chronicity the orthostatic features may blur into a chronic, lingering headache. Other clinical features include neck pain, nausea, emesis, interscapular pain, diplopia, dizziness, change in hearing, visual blurring, radicular upper extremity symptoms, and a variety of other, but much less common, manifestations. The most common imaging feature is diffuse pachymeningeal gadolinium enhancement. Other manifestations include imaging evidence of sinking of the brain, subdural fluid collections, enlargement of the pituitary, engorgement of venous sinuses, and engorgement of epidural venous plexus. CSF opening pressure is typically low and CSF analysis may be normal or show increased protein concentration and a primarily lymphocytic pleocytosis. No longer can the entity be simply equated with post-spinal puncture headaches. The pathogenetic core and the independent variable is decrease in CSF volume, whereas clinical imaging and CSF findings, including CSF opening pressures, are all variables dependent on the loss of CSF volume. Many patients respond well to treatment, but some present stubborn therapeutic challenges. A subgroup of patients with orthostatic headaches is gradually recognized who have disorders other than CSF leaks.
This article was published in Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords