alexa Spontaneous rupture of a hepatic angiomyolipoma: CT findings and literature review.


Journal of Hepatology and Gastrointestinal disorders

Author(s): Guidi G, Catalano O, Rotondo A

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Abstract Angiomyolipoma is an uncommon lipomatous neoplasm of the liver, usually asymptomatic and identified incidentally. We describe the CT findings of a surgically confirmed case of spontaneously ruptured angiomyolipoma with evidence of internal hemorrhage and hemoperitoneum. The CT features were that of an exophitic, oval, well-defined mass with inhomogeneous attenuation values due to the presence of fat- and soft-tissue densities. A review of the literature identified 49 cases of hepatic angiomyolipoma. Few of these occurred in symptomatic patients and showed intratumoral hemorrhagic foci, but none had a clear rupture with external bleeding. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case with this complication. This article was published in Eur Radiol and referenced in Journal of Hepatology and Gastrointestinal disorders

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